Welcome to Our Website

Hacked knight online patch 1862

Newton Knight Bio โ€“ Children, Wife And Family Life Of

Model 1860 Cavalry Sword - The 35" blade is dated US JH 1862, no signs of a maker stamping. Learning, knowledge, research, insight: welcome to the world of UBC Library, the second-largest academic research library in Canada. The Knights of England. A complete record from the. JSON skills to create custom installations, while keeping TimelineJS's core functionality.

Schaffer-Conner Family Tree - Person Page

Asteroid narrowly misses Earth for St ... - Daily Mail Online link. Get this from a library! Welcome to the The Firing Line Forums. Knight's Landing News 1862-01-11: Unknown: Free Download click this link here now.

The Great Exhibition - The British Library

Sep 13, 2020 new havens civil war hospital a history of knight us general hospital 1862 1865 Posted By Denise RobinsLibrary TEXT ID 979c56d5 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library NEW HAVENS CIVIL WAR HOSPITAL A HISTORY OF KNIGHT US GENERAL. Please see our help page for further guidance on citing archives and manuscripts. He is assisted by Walt Whitman, who gives John a first edition of Leaves of Grass. Map, Available Online, 1800 to 1899, Pennsylvania https://globalbeatschool.ru/crack/?key=1331.

Indian Fables From Sanscrit of the Hitopadesa, 1862

New havens civil war hospital a history of knight us general hospital 1862 1865 Sep 17, 2020 Posted By Jackie Collins Publishing TEXT ID a79ca096 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library editions sign in to purchase instantly available on compatible nook devices new havens civil war hospital a history of knight us new havens civil war hospital a history of. General Hospital, 1862-1865. Online Auction Alexandra Tolstoy: An Interior by Sibyl Colefax & John Fowler London. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for New Haven's Civil War Hospital: A History of Knight U. S. General Hospital, 1862-1865 by Ira Spar (2020, Trade Paperback) at the best online prices at eBay!

William T Knight (1818 - 1862)

PLEASE NOTE viewing is strictly by appointment only Live Webcast Auction 17 Jun 2020 10: 00 BST View auction details Hide auction details. Midnight Marauder is a fanfiction author that has written 13 stories for Sailor Moon X-overs, Gundam Wing/Sailor Moon, Yu-Gi-Oh, Harry Potter, Fullmetal Alchemist, Kingdom Hearts, Final Fantasy X, and Saiyuki. Trailer, 3-Point Snowblower, Electric Wood Splitter, Fertilizer Auger, Knight 912. Download free apps and files about Massively Multiplayer such as: World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King Game Client, Lineage 2 - Chaotic Throne: Gracia Final Client, MU Online Resolution Changer, Lineage 2 - Chronicle 4: Scions of Destiny (Game Client), Knight Online Client (Free MMO), World of Warcraft Client MAC (Macintosh US), LEGO Universe Client, World of Warcraft Patch - v [Full.

Hack randall D. Knight: free download. Ebooks library. On-line

With over million subscribers and percent of the current MMORPG market share, Knight Online is among the most popular games in the genre. Ernestina Knight married Bernard Schibi and had 8 children. Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism) 1864 Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936) 1865 Howard Taylor, American tennis player (US National C'ships doubles 1879; singles 1884, 86, 87, 88 runner-up), born in NYC, New York (d. 1920) 1869 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1942) 1875. All classifieds - Veux-Veux-Pas, free classified ads Website.

Charles Knight (1862-1916)

A notebook containing copies of Lovell death certificates from 1892 to 1909. KnightCite Citation Service - Calvin University https://globalbeatschool.ru/crack/?key=1346. We also maintain a brick and mortar store in Fitchburg, WI. We have a philosophy of committed and dedicated customer service and have been in business for over 21 years. FAQs; Glossary; Assessing & Monitoring Pupil Progress; Guidance Reports.

Trojan: Win32/Occamy.B found - Resolved Malware Removal

New Haven's Civil War hospital: a history of Knight U.S

Although it shares many traits in common with the other 18XX games, it has several unique features, such as. The blade is smooth and bright, retaining traces of the gilt behind the engraving. Play online with your friends using just one Switch (via Parsec) Posted Nov 5, 2020 by Intronaut [Tutorial] How to decode QR codes on windows 10 for CIA and 3DS files. Additional Description Overview.

Brainly.in - For students. By students

Download New Havens Civil War Hospital A History Of Knight Us General Hospital 1862 1865 - Keywords: Download Books New Havens Civil War Hospital A History Of Knight Us General Hospital 1862 1865, Download Books New Havens Civil War Hospital A History Of Knight Us General Hospital 1862 1865 Online, Download Books New Havens Civil War Hospital. A near Earth asteroid first spotted by an observatory in Tucson, Arizona, was expected to pass within four lunar distances of planet earth at 10.37 GMT today, just in time for Saint Patrick's day. In October 1862, after the Confederate defeat at Corinth, Knight and many other Piney Woods men deserted from the Seventh Battalion of Mississippi Infantry. Knight's Landing News 1862-07-05: Unknown: Free Download.

Free miland Knight (1862 - 1919)

Language: English Words: 1, 525 Chapters: 1/1 Comments: 15 Kudos: 75 Bookmarks: 6 Hits: 3630. Corporal 7079, 2nd Royal Welsh Fusiliers killed in action 23rd April 1917. Virginia city renames burial site of ... - Mail Online important source. He passed away on 24 Jan 1931 in San Bernardino County, California.

Dresser, Anna "Annie" W. (Knight) (1862-1892)

Noble Knight Games is an online new and out-of-print games store with over 100, 000 titles in stock. Newbolt, Sir Henry John (1862-1938) Knight, poet and check that. Knight online patch 1862. Managed by: Kasie Cheryl Knight: Last Updated: June 28, 2020.

Read Books Online - Free Novels Online

New havens civil war hospital a history of knight us general hospital 1862 1865 Sep 03, 2020 Posted By Barbara Cartland Media Publishing TEXT ID a79ca096 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library pin this product share via email about the book as the new havens civil war hospital a history of knight us general hospital 1862 1865 1st edition by ira spar md 2020. Travel Trailer, 2020 Ford Focus CAR, 1988 Bayliner 17' Fish & Ski Boat, 2020 Dodge Ram 4x4 TRUCK, 2020 Cargo Express Enclosed Trailer 24', John Deere 215 Tandem Field Disk, 1983 Tri-Axle Equip. Twyla Knight has 1, 862 books on Goodreads, and is currently reading Out of the Black Land by Kerry Greenwood. 101+ Read Book New Havens Civil War Hospital A History Of description.

[H] Horizon Zero Dawn, Humble Bundle Gift Links, Steam Keys, Twitch Prime Goodies & More [W] Destiny 2: Forsaken, Sniper Elite 3-4, Dungeon Defenders, Other Games & Offers

About me

My steam profile page.
My SteamGameSwap flair page.
My IGS rep page.
My GameTrade rep page.
My region: EU.

Available Games In the form of a
Acceleration of SUGURI 2 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Bear With Me - Collector's Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Cook, Serve, Delicious! 2!! Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Layers of Fear Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
How to Survive Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
How to Survive 2 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Scribblenauts Unlimited Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Star Trek Online - Humble Trekkie Pack Online Key ๐ŸŒ
Stealth Inc 2: A Game of Clones Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Serial Cleaner Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Little Acre Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Throne of Liesยฎ The Online Game of Deceit Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Death By Game Show Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Operation Flashpoint: Dragon Rising Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Overlord Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Overlord II Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Sniper: Ghost Warrior Trilogy Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
ENSLAVEDโ„ข: Odyssey to the Westโ„ข Premium Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Impact Winter Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
PAC-MANโ„ข Championship Edition DX+ Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Warlords Awakening Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Peregrin Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Labyrinthine Dreams Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Rot Gut Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Spooky Cats Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Among the Sleep - Enhanced Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Rapture Rejects Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Rapture Rejects - Humble Exclusive "Safari Outfit" DLC Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dreaming Sarah Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Back to Bed Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Deep Dungeons of Doom Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
FRONTIERS Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Octahedron: Transfixed Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Goetia Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Deadbeat Heroes Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
LEGOยฎ The Lord of the Ringsโ„ข Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Measurement Problem \removed from steam]) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Jane Angel: Templar Mystery Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Hexus Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
A Plot Story Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Silver Tale Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Taken Souls: Blood Ritual Collector's Edition Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Kingdom of Aurelia: Mystery of the Poisoned Dagger Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Witch's Pranks: Frog's Fortune Collector's Edition Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Sea Legends: Phantasmal Light Collector's Edition Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Dreamscapes: Nightmare's Heir - Premium Edition Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Dreamscapes: The Sandman - Premium Edition Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
Husk Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Flame in the Flood Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Quiplash Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Grim Fandango Remastered Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Subterrain Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Neon Struct Deluxe Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Odallus: The Dark Call Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
No Time To Explain Remastered Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Western Press Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Western Press DLC Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Regency Solitaire Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Halcyon 6: Starbase Commander (LIGHTSPEED EDITION) Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Paradigm Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Super Daryl Deluxe Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
NeuroVoider Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Old Man's Journey Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Zombie Night Terror Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Mountain Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
140 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Amnesia: Memories Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Blades & Bones Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Dungeon Escape Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Zero G Arena Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Detective Case and Clown Bot in: Murder in the Hotel Lisbon Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Fort Meow Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Marvinโ€™s Mittens Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Wizorb Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
HackyZack Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Dead Island Definitive Edition Steam Key (non-EU) ๐Ÿ”‘
The Turing Test Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tumblestone Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Little Nightmares Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Wizard of Legend Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Absolver Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Darksiders II: Deathinitive Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Frozen Synapse Prime Steam Gift ๐Ÿ“ฆ
Minion Masters Steam Gift ๐Ÿ“ฆ
Tom Clancy's The Divisionโ„ข - Last Stand Steam Gift ๐Ÿ“ฆ
Human: Fall Flat Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Stikbold! A Dodgeball Adventure Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Tower Unite Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Stories: The Path of Destinies Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Stealth Inc 2: A Game of Clones Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
The Little Acre Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Black the Fall Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
SWARMRIDER OMEGA Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Battle Bruise Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Soul Gambler Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
UBERMOSH:BLACK Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
UBERMOSH:WRAITH Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Trip to Vinelands Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Gryphon Knight Epic Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Face It - A game to fight inner demons Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Fluffy Horde Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
Aviary Attorney Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Holy Potatoes! We're in Space?! Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Cursed Castilla (Maldita Castilla EX) Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Norwood Suite Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sudden Strike 4 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Stick Fight: The Game Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
PARTICLE MACE Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Secret Of Magia Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Sins Of The Demon RPG Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Splatter - Zombie Apocalypse Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Airscape - The Fall of Gravity Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Fate Tectonics Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Battle Ranch: Pigs vs Plants Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Earth Overclocked Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
Greyfox RPG Indiegala Key ๐Ÿ“•
-
Wandersong Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Monster Prom Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Journey Down: Chapter Three Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
I am not a Monster Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Finding Paradise Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Do Not Feed the Monkeys Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Assassin's Creedยฎ Origins Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Geo Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
We Were Here Too Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sundered Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Ken Follett's The Pillars of the Earth Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Batman Arkham Origins Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Age of Wonders III Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Huntsman: The Orphanage Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
BitMaster Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Out There Somewhere Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Destiny Warriors RPG Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Gun Rocket Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
LocoSoccer Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
BEEP Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Storm Of Spears RPG Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Sun Blast: Star Fighter Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Subterra Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Three Heroes Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tiny Bridge: Ratventure Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
DRAGON: A Game About a Dragon Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Labyronia RPG Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Labyronia RPG 2 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
The Odyssey: Winds of Athena Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
ETHEREAL Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Goetia Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Guacamelee! Super Turbo Championship Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Anomaly: Warzone Earth Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Anomaly Defenders Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Anomaly 2 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Anomaly Korea Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Anomaly Warzone Earth Mobile Campaign Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
Isbarah Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Replay - VHS is not dead Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Puddle Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Poรถf Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Crouching Pony Hidden Dragon Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
GAUGE Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Wooden Sen'SeY Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
PixelJunkโ„ข Shooter Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
ArcaneRaise developer - 11 games pack Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Fearless Fantasy Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Magicka Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Psychonauts Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tiltagon Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Uncanny Valley Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
We Are The Dwarves Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Wooden Floor 2 Resurrection Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
A Fistful of Gun Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tumblestone Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Toybox Turbos Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Moonlighter Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Shape Of The World Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
NBA Playgrounds \removed from steam]) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Shiness: The Lightning Kingdom Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Darkside Detective Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Hidden Folks Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
1775: Rebellion Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
1812: The Invasion of Canada Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Ancient Battle: Hannibal Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Assault on Arnhem Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Battles of the Ancient World Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Congo Merc Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Fire and Fury: English Civil War Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Hold the Line: The American Revolution Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
IWO: Bloodbath in the Bonins Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Lightning: D-Day Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Medieval Battle: Europe Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Nuts!: The Battle of the Bulge Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Peninsular War Battles Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Russian Front Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
Civil War: 1861 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Civil War: 1862 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Civil War: 1863 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Civil War: 1864 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Civil War: 1865 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Civil War: Bull Run 1861 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Civil War: Gettysburg Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: 1944 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: 1945 Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: Blitzkrieg Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: East Front Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: Normandy Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: North Africa Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Tank Battle: Pacific Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
Life is Strange Complete Season Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Tropico 3 Gold Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
LEGOยฎ City Undercover Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tannenberg Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tower Unite Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Unexplored Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Rusty Lake Paradise Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Action Henk Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Beholder Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Ballistick Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Shoppe Keep Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Shoppe Keep 2 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
BARRIER X Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Mini Motor Racing EVO Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Riff Racer - Race Your Music! Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Skullgirls Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dead Age Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Airport Madness: World Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Airport Madness 4 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Construct: Escape the System Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Novus Inceptio Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Eon Altar: Episode 1 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Little Racers STREET Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Punch Club Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Forward to the Sky Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Think of the Children Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Chronology Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Blood: One Unit Whole Blood Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Race.a.bit Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Tribal Pass Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Loot Hound Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Gloom Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Hive Jump Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Phantaruk Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
STARWHAL Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Savage Lands Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Mirror's Edge Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Valnir Rok Survival RPG Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
GALAK-Z Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
MINIT Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Full Metal Furies Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Chivalry: Medieval Warfare Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
60 Seconds! Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Laser League Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tomb Raider (2013) Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Star Trekโ„ข: Bridge Crew Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Archangel: Hellfire - Fully Loaded Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
GoatPunks Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
There Came an Echo Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Gas Guzzlers Extreme Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
GRID Autosport Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Laserlife Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Nevermind Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Beatbuddy: Tale of the Guardians Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
ADR1FT Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Killing Floor Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Castlevania: Lords of Shadow - Mirror of Fate HD Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Rocket Knight Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
War Tech Fighters Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Next Up Hero Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
The Black Death Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Furi Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Furi - One More Fight Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Black Mirror 3 - Final Fear Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Prey Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
-
Redrum: Dead Diary Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Airplane Sky Voyage Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
999 Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Angels of Fasaria: Version 2.0 Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Be hate Free: Interactive Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Boon Boon Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Eternal Space Battles Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
FORT Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Gravity Wars Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
The far Kingdoms: Winter Solitaire Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
World Of Walking Cities Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
Grab Bag - Build a Bundle 61 Groupees Key ๐Ÿ“˜
-
Tomb Raider (2013) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Red Faction Guerrilla Re-Mars-tered Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Road Redemption Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
60 Parsecs! Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
RiME Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Middle-earthโ„ข: Shadow of Warโ„ข Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Batman: Arkham City Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Mad Max Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Smoke and Sacrifice Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
LEGOยฎ Jurassic World Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Endless Legend Classic Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Crysis 2 Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 Battle Edition Additional Content Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
12 is Better Than 6 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dustforce DX Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Lethal League Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Moon Hunters Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Soulless: Ray Of Hope Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
F.E.A.R. 3 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 Standard Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 Additional Content Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sniper Elite 3 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
PAC-MANโ„ข Championship Edition DX+ Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Slay the Spire Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Think of the Children Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
INVERSUS Deluxe Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Death Squared Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Assassin's Creedยฎ Origins Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Moonlighter Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Warhammer 40,000: Mechanicus Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Human: Fall Flat Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Sundered Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Aaero Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sniper Elite Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Kona Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
I am not a Monster Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Punch Club Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Bone - Episode 1 & Episode 2 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Choice Chamber Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Action Henk Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Black Desert Steam Premium Bundle Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Tom Clancy's The Divisionโ„ข Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tom Clancy's The Divisionโ„ข - Survival Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
DiRT Rally Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Batman: Arkham Asylum Game of the Year Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Pirates of Black Cove Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Distance Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
God's Trigger Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Guacamelee! 2 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
MOTHERGUNSHIP Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
State of Mind Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Endless Spaceยฎ - Collection Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Killing Floor: Incursion Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Rock Bandโ„ข VR Oculus Desktop App Key ๐Ÿ‘๏ธโ€๐Ÿ—จ๏ธ
Warhammer: End Times - Vermintide Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Suicide Guy: Sleepin' Deeply Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
ISIS Simulator Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
The Town of Light Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Butcher Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Agony Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Immortal Planet Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
HIVESWAP: Act 1 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Deep Sky Derelicts Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
DiRT Showdown Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Poker Night at the Inventory Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tempest: Pirate Action RPG Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
MINIT Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Aaero Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Immortal Redneck Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
- -
CAT Interstellar (Early Access) Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Deed Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Impulsion Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
The Walking Dead: Michonne - A Telltale Miniseries Epic Games Store Key ๐Ÿ’ฐ
Deployment Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Magrunner: Dark Pulse Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Ninjin: Clash of Carrots Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
Super Panda Adventures Fanatical Key ๐Ÿ—๏ธ
-
911 Operator Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
911 Operator - Special Resources DLC Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Duskers Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Macdows 95 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Pool Panic Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Red Faction Guerrilla Re-Mars-tered Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Crusader Kings II Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Crusader Kings II: The Old Gods DLC Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Tricky Towers Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Concrete Jungle Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Plague Inc: Evolved Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Galactic Civilizations Ultimate Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Chivalry: Medieval Warfare Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Qbeh-1 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
MMA Arena Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
FortressCraft Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dungeons & Robots Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Crusader Kings II: The Old Gods Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Crusader Kings II: Pagan Fury - Warrior Queen Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Sky Dodge Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Killer Backflip 5 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Airbo Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Moonlighter Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Slay the Spire Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Seven: The Days Long Gone Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Chompy Chomp Chomp Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Wickland Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Frozen Synapse Prime Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Teleglitch: Die More Edition Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
LEGOยฎ Batmanโ„ข: The Videogame Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Quarantine Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Dinosaur Hunt Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Mastema: Out of Hell Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Shut Eye Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
The Dolls: Reborn Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Zombies on a Plane Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Influent - ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชž [Learn Japanese] Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Yume Nikki Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Thomas Was Alone Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Rusty Lake Hotel Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Beckett Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
SYNTHETIK: Legion Rising Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Evergarden Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
11-11 Memories Retold Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
F.E.A.R. 3 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Evil Genius Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Beyond Eyes Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Corporate Lifestyle Simulator Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Fahrenheit: Indigo Prophecy Remastered Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Tower 57 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Asset Flip Simulator Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Woodlands Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Demon Robot Runner Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Pinball FX3 - Star Warsโ„ข Pinball Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Pinball FX3 - Star Warsโ„ข Pinball: Hero's Within Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Pinball FX3 - Star Warsโ„ข Pinball: The Force Awakens Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Niche Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Flat Kingdom Paper's Cut Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Kingdom: New Lands Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
ART SQOOL Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Shenmue I & II Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
SOMA Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Rise of the Tomb Raider Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Paradox Soul Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Earth 2150 - The Moon Project Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Wings of Vi Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
The Little Acre Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Little Nightmares Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
InnerSpace Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Latte Stand Tycoon Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Serial Cleaner Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Cultist Simulator Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege (Uplay) Gmg Direct Link ๐Ÿ“—
Sprint Vector Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Last Tide Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Killing Floor: Incursion Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Devil May Cry 5 Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
PLAYERUNKNOWN'S BATTLEGROUNDS Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
Destiny 2: Shadowkeep Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
PAYDAY 2 Gmg Key ๐Ÿ“—
-
Coffee Crisis Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Thomas Was Alone Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sentinels of the Multiverse Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
RiME Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor GOTY Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Pillars of Eternity Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Portal Knights Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sniper Elite 3 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Lucius Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Lethal League Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Forbidden Planet Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Humanity Asset Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Septerra Core Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Spoiler Alert Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Velvet Assassin Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
GTFO (beta) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Blazing Sails (alpha) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Spellweaver - Duke's Zombies Deck Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Heaven Island - VR MMO Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Prison Experiment Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Sir, You Are Being Hunted Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Sword Legacy Omen Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Regular Human Basketball Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Fluffy Horde Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Chasm Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Shadow of the Tomb Raider Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Desert Child Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Grand Theft Auto III Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Sonic CD Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sonic Adventure DX Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sonic Adventure 2 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
SONIC ADVENTURE 2: BATTLE Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sonic 3 & Knuckles Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sonic the Hedgehog 4 - Episode I Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Fallen Enchantress Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Knights and Merchants Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Shadow of the Tomb Raider Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Blasphemous Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Ancestors Legacy Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Phantom Doctrine Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dead in Vinland Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Horizon Chase Turbo Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dark Future: Blood Red States Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
X-Morph Defense Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Aegis Defenders Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Desert Child Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Homefront: The Revolution Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Sherlock Holmes: The Devil's Daughter Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 Battle Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 Battle Edition Additional Content Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Impulsion Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Dungeon Escape Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Wooden Sen'SeY Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Boo! Greedy Kid Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Poรถf vs The Cursed Kitty Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Supreme Ruler The Great War Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Crouching Pony Hidden Dragon Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
BAFL - Brakes Are For Losers Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Into the Dark: Ultimate Trash Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Headsnatchers Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Rising Lords Scenario (Alpha) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Temtem (Stress Test) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Metal Revolution (Beta) Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Vanguard Princess Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Vanguard Princess Lilith Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Vanguard Princesses Hilda Rize Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
When Our Journey Ends - A Visual Novel Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Banzai Escape Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Crysis 2 Maximum Edition Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Dead Space Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Medal of Honor Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Mirror's Edge Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Populous Origin Key ๐Ÿ“™
Euro Truck Simulator Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Titan Quest Anniversary Edition Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
10 Second Ninja Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
1993 Space Machine Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
AaaaaAAaaaAAAaaAAAAaAAAAA!!! for the Awesome Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Another Perspective Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Arma Tactics Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Arma: Gold Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
BATTLESLOTHS Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Death Ray Manta Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Bad Hotel Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Draw a Stickman: EPIC Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Flat Heroes Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Gemini Rue Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Jack Lumber Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Ittle Dew Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
JumpJet Rex Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Little Inferno Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Mercenary Kings: Reloaded Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Morphblade Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Rampage Knights Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Savant - Ascent Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Shenmue I & II Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Solar 2 Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Space Run Galaxy Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Uurnog Uurnlimited Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Bard's Tale Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Thomas Was Alone Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
VVVVVV Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Evergarden Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Fluffy Horde Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Chasm Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Yargis - Space Melee/Triggering Simulator Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Yakuza Kiwami Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Rising Storm 2: Vietnam + 2 DLCs Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Call of Duty: Black Ops 4 Standard Edition Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Hollow Knight Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Crawl Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Duck Game Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
Divan Chronicles - Battle for Dancig EPISODE 3 Steam Key ๐Ÿ”‘
-
Armello Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Death Squared Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Feather Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Frog Detective Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Machinarium Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Masquerade: The Baubles of Doom Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Mr. Shifty Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Paper Fire Rookie Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Paperbark Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Primal Carnage: Extinction Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Quest of Dungeons Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Rising Dusk Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Adventure Pals Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Gardens Between Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
The Stillness of the Wind Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Tower of Guns Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Euro Truck Simulator 2: Australia Paint Pack DLC Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Hacknet Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Hacknet Labyrinths DLC Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Paradigm Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Regular Human Basketball Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Think of the Children Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Satellite Reign Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
-
Europa Universalis IV Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Europa Universalis IV: American Dream Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Europa Universalis IV: Art of War Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Europa Universalis IV: Res Publica Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Europa Universalis IV: Wealth of Nations Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Europa Universalis IV: Pre-Order Pack Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Europa Universalis IV: Digital Extreme Edition Upgrade Pack Humble Gift Link ๐ŸŽ
Ask about Region Locks.

Twitch Prime Goodies: most likely everything at the time you check the site
  • Current promotions
  • Old promotions with keys
  • Lords of the Arena - Legendary Pack
  • Minion Masters: Voidโ€™s Onslaught DLC
  • Dungeon Hunter Champions Outfit
  • Dungeon Hunter Champions Champion's Bundle
  • Dauntless: Desperado Bundle
  • Dauntless: Combat Essentials Bundle
  • Dauntless: Assault Supply Bundle
  • Dauntless: Gunslinger Bundle
  • Dauntless: Scare Tactics Weapon Skin
  • Crunchyroll: 30 Day Pass
  • Forced Showdown Hero & Companion Skins
  • NBA 2K19 - MyTEAM Packs & Virtual (x2)

Miscellaneous:
  • 20% Humble Store Discount
  • 20% Ubisoft Store Discount Code
  • Origin Basic Access code [1 month] (x10)
  • Exclusive Anthem Vinyl code (x3)
  • Saints Row IV - Reverse Cosplay Pack (x5)
  • TERA: Winterwing Starter Pack
  • Spellbreak Closed Alpha Keys
  • Spellbreak Closed Beta Keys
  • Rift: Laztigo Pet Key
  • Battlerite Armored Black Bear
  • Neverwinter Starter Pack with Ochre Bulette Mount

  • Star Trek Online - $25 worth of in-game content
  • AdVenture Capitalist - $9.99 worth of in-game content
  • Dreadnought Bonus

  • Eudemons Online Gift Pack
  • Conqueror's Blade: Well-Made Mortar Key (NA)
  • Crossout Gift Pack Key
  • Trove: Trovian Tumber Key
  • Bloodroots Steam Demo
  • Project Warlock Arctic Attack Exclusive Demo
  • Deuterium Wars Currency and Gun Pack
  • Bless Unleashed Beta Key (Xbox One)
  • Veterans Online Beta Steam Key
  • WEBZEN Summer Pack Key
  • Project Zero Deaths Skeleton Skin for Rookie Key
  • WAKFU Full Ninja Set Key
  • King Rabbit 10,000 Gold Key

I'm interested in

  • Destiny 2: Forsaken and Shadowkeep
  • League of Legends stuff
  • Sniper Elite 4
  • Co-op games
  • Assassin's Creed Games (Uplay)
    • Assassin's Creed: Revelations
    • Assassin's Creed: Rogue
    • Assassin's Creed: Syndicate
  • Wallpaper Engine
  • Paypal
  • Offers
  • Wishlist
submitted by balazs955 to SteamGameSwap

World History Timeline of Events Leading up to Bitcoin - In the Making

A (live/editable) timeline of historical events directly or indirectly related to the creation of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies
*still workin' on this so check back later and more will be added, if you have any suggested dates/events feel free to lemme know...
This timeline includes dates pertaining to:
  • Forms of money
  • Banking models
  • Bank Bailouts
  • Widely accepted economic systems
  • Widely accepted forms of government
  • Inventions which advanced FinTech
  • Inventions in computer science and related technology
  • Inventions which connected the world via transportation, communication and information
  • Development of cryptography and cyberwar
  • Notable Social Movements
  • Hyperinflation and National Debts
  • etc
Ancient Bartering โ€“ first recorded in Egypt (resources, services...) โ€“ doesnโ€™t scale
Tally sticks were used, making notches in bones or wood, as a form of money of account
9000-6000 BC Livestock considered the first form of currency
c3200 BC Clay tablets used in Uruk (Iraq) for accounting (believed to be the earliest form of writing)
3000 BC Grain is used as a currency, measured out in Shekels
3000 BC Banking developed in Mesopotamia
3000 BC? Punches used to stamp symbols on coins were a precursor to the printing press and modern coins
? BC Since ancient Persia and all the way up until the invention and expansion of the telegraph Homing Pigeons were used to carry messages
2000 BC Merchants in Assyria, India and Sumeria lent grain to farmers and traders as a precursor to banks
1700 BC In Babylon at the time of Hammurabi, in the 18th century BC, there are records of loans made by the priests of the temple.
1200 BC Shell money first used in China
1000-600 BC Crude metal coins first appear in China
640 BC Precious metal coins โ€“ Gold & Silver first used in ancient Lydia and coastal Greek cities featuring face to face heads of a bull and a lion โ€“ first official minted currency made from electrum, a mixture of gold and silver
600-500 BC Atbash Cipher
A substitution Cipher used by ancient Hebrew scholars mapping the alphabet in reverse, for example, in English an A would be a Z, B a Y etc.
400 BC Skytale used by Sparta
474 BC Hundreds of gold coins from this era were discovered in Rome in 2018
350 BC Greek hydraulic semaphore system, an optical communication system developed by Aeneas Tacticus.
c200 BC Polybius Square
??? Wealthy stored coins in temples, where priests also lent them out
??? Rome was the first to create banking institutions apart from temples
118 BC First banknote in the form of 1 foot sq pieces of white deerskin
100-1 AD Caesar Cipher
193 Aureus, a gold coin of ancient Rome, minted by Septimius Severus
324 Solidus, pure gold coin, minted under Constantineโ€™s rule, lasted until the late 8th century
600s Paper currency first developed in Tang Dynasty China during the 7th century, although true paper money did not appear until the 11th century, during the Song Dynasty, 960โ€“1279
c757โ€“796 Silver pennies based on the Roman denarius became the staple coin of Mercia in Great Britain around the time of King Offa
806 First paper banknotes used in China but isnโ€™t widely accepted in China until 960
1024 The first series of standard government notes were issued in 1024 with denominations like 1 guร n (่ฒซ, or 700 wรฉn), 1 mรญn (็ทก, or 1000 wรฉn), up to 10 guร n. In 1039 only banknotes of 5 guร n and 10 guร n were issued, and in 1068 a denomination of 1 guร n was introduced which became forty percent of all circulating Jiaozi banknotes.
1040 The first movable type printer was invented in China and made of porcelain
? Some of the earliest forms of long distance communication were drums used by Native Africans and smoke signals used by Native Americans and Chinese
1088 Movable type in Song Dynasty China
1120 By the 1120s the central government officially stepped in and produced their own state-issued paper money (using woodblock printing)
1150 The Knights Templar issued bank notes to pilgrims. Pilgrims deposited their valuables with a local Templar preceptory before embarking, received a document indicating the value of their deposit, then used that document upon arrival in the Holy Land to retrieve their funds in an amount of treasure of equal value.
1200s-1300s During the 13th century bankers from north Italy, collectively known as Lombards, gradually replace the Jews in their traditional role as money-lenders to the rich and powerful. โ€“ Florence, Venice and Genoa - The Bardi and Peruzzi Families dominated banking in 14th century Florence, establishing branches in many other parts of Europe
1200 By the time Marco Polo visited China theyโ€™d move from coins to paper money, who introduced the concept to Europe. An inscription warned, "All counterfeiters will be decapitated." Before the use of paper, the Chinese used coins that were circular, with a rectangular hole in the middle. Several coins could be strung together on a rope. Merchants in China, if they became rich enough, found that their strings of coins were too heavy to carry around easily. To solve this problem, coins were often left with a trustworthy person, and the merchant was given a slip of paper recording how much money they had with that person. Marco Polo's account of paper money during the Yuan Dynasty is the subject of a chapter of his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, titled "How the Great Kaan Causeth the Bark of Trees, Made Into Something Like Paper, to Pass for Money All Over his Country."
1252 Florin minted in Florence, becomes the hard currency of its day helping Florence thrive economically
1340 Double-entry bookkeeping - The clerk keeping the accounts for the Genoese firm of Massari painstakingly fills in the ledger for the year 1340.
1397 Medici Bank established
1450 Johannes Gutenberg builds the printing press โ€“ printed words no longer just for the rich
1455 Paper money disappears from China
1466 Polyalphabetic Cipher
1466 Rotating cipher disks โ€“ Vatican โ€“ greatest crypto invention in 1000 yrs โ€“ the first system to challenge frequency analysis
1466 First known mechanical cipher machine
1472 The oldest bank still in existence founded, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, headquartered in Siena, Italy
1494 Double-entry bookkeeping system codified by Luca Pacioli
1535 Wampum, a form of currency used by Native Americans, a string of beads made from clamshells, is first document.
1553 Vigenere Cipher
1557 Phillip II of Spain managed to burden his kingdom with so much debt (as the result of several pointless wars) that he caused the world's first national bankruptcy โ€” as well as the world's second, third and fourth, in rapid succession.
1577 Newspaper in Korea
1586 The Babington Plot
1590 Cabinet Noir was established in France. Its mission was to open, read and reseal letters, and great expertise was developed in the restoration of broken seals. In the knowledge that mail was being opened, correspondents began to develop systems to encrypt and decrypt their letters. The breaking of these codes gave birth to modern systematic scientific code breaking.
1600s Promissory banknotes began in London
1600s By the early 17th century banking begins also to exist in its modern sense - as a commercial service for customers rather than kings. โ€“ Late 17th century we see cheques slowly gains acceptance
The total of the money left on deposit by a bank's customers is a large sum, only a fraction of which is usually required for withdrawals. A proportion of the rest can be lent out at interest, bringing profit to the bank. When the customers later come to realize this hidden value of their unused funds, the bank's profit becomes the difference between the rates of interest paid to depositors and demanded from debtors.
The transformation from moneylenders into private banks is a gradual one during the 17th and 18th centuries. In England it is achieved by various families of goldsmiths who early in the period accept money on deposit purely for safe-keeping. Then they begin to lend some of it out. Finally, by the 18th century, they make banking their business in place of their original craft as goldsmiths.
1605 Newspaper in Straussburg
c1627 Great Cipher
1637 Wampum is declared as legal tender in the U.S. (where we got the slang word โ€œclamsโ€ for money)
1656 Johan Palmstruch establishes the Stockholm Banco
1661 Paper Currency reappears in Europe, soon became common - The goldsmith-bankers of London began to give out the receipts as payable to the bearer of the document rather than the original depositor
1661 Palmstruch issues credit notes which can be exchanged, on presentation to his bank, for a stated number of silver coins
1666 Stockholms Banco, the predecessor to the Central Bank of Sweden issues the first paper money in Europe. Soon went bankrupt for printing too much money.
1667 He issues more notes than his bank can afford to redeem with silver and winds up in disgrace, facing a death penalty (commuted to imprisonment) for fraud.
1668 Bank of Sweden โ€“ today the 2nd oldest surviving bank
1694 First Central Bank established in the UK was the first bank to initiate the permanent issue of banknotes
Served as model for most modern central banks.
The modern banknote rests on the assumption that money is determined by a social and legal consensus. A gold coin's value is simply a reflection of the supply and demand mechanism of a society exchanging goods in a free market, as opposed to stemming from any intrinsic property of the metal. By the late 17th century, this new conceptual outlook helped to stimulate the issue of banknotes.
1700s Throughout the commercially energetic 18th century there are frequent further experiments with bank notes - deriving from a recognized need to expand the currency supply beyond the availability of precious metals.
1710 Physiocracy
1712 First commercial steam engine
1717 Master of the Royal Mint Sir Isaac Newton established a new mint ratio between silver and gold that had the effect of driving silver out of circulation (bimetalism) and putting Britain on a gold standard.
1735 Classical Economics โ€“ markets regulate themselves when free of intervention
1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Founder of the Rothschild Banking Empire, is Born in Frankfurt, Germany
Mayer Amschel Rothschild extended his banking empire across Europe by carefully placing his five sons in key positions. They set up banks in Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Naples, and Paris. By the mid 1800โ€™s they dominated the banking industry, lending to governments around the world and people such as the Vanderbilts, Carnegies, and Cecil Rhodes.
1745 There was a gradual move toward the issuance of fixed denomination notes in England standardized printed notes ranging from ยฃ20 to ยฃ1,000 were being printed.
1748 First recorded use of the word buck for a dollar, stemming from the Colonial period in America when buck skins were commonly traded
1757 Colonial Scrip Issued in US
1760s Mayer Amschel Rothschild establishes his banking business
1769 First steam powered car
1775-1938 US Diplomatic Codes & Ciphers by Ralph E Weber used โ€“ problems were security and distribution
1776 American Independence
1776 Adam Smithโ€™s Invisible Hand theory helped bankers and money-lenders limit government interference in the banking sector
1781 The Bank of North America was a private bank first adopted created the US Nation's first de facto central bank. When shares in the bank were sold to the public, the Bank of North America became the country's first initial public offering. It lasted less than ten years.
1783 First steamboat
1791 Congress Creates the First US Bank โ€“ A Private Company, Partly Owned by Foreigners โ€“ to Handle the Financial Needs of the New Central Government. First Bank of the United States, a National bank, chartered for a term of twenty years, it was not renewed in 1811.
Previously, the 13 states had their own banks, currencies and financial institutions, which had an average lifespan of about 5 years.
1792 First optical telegraph invented where towers with telescopes were dispersed across France 12-25 km apart, relaying signals according to positions of arms extended from the top of the towers.
1795 Thomas Jefferson invents the Jefferson Disk Cipher or Wheel Cipher
1797 to 1821 Restriction Period by England of trading banknotes for silver during Napoleonic Wars
1797 Currency Crisis
Although the Bank was originally a private institution, by the end of the 18th century it was increasingly being regarded as a public authority with civic responsibility toward the upkeep of a healthy financial system.
1799 First paper machine
1800 Banque de France โ€“ Franceโ€™s central bank opens to try to improve financing of the war
1800 Invention of the battery
1801 Rotchschild Dynasty begins in Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire โ€“ established international banking family through his 5 sons who established themselves in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, and Naples
1804 Steam locomotive
1807 Internal combustion engine and automobile
1807 Robert Fulton expands water transportation and trade with the workable steamboat.
1809 Telegraphy
1811 First powered printing press, also first to use a cylinder
1816 The Privately Owned Second Bank of the US was Chartered โ€“ It Served as the Main Depository for Government Revenue, Making it a Highly Profitable Bank โ€“ charter not renewed in 1836
1816 The first working telegraph was built using static electricity
1816 Gold becomes the official standard of value in England
1820 Industrial Revolution
c1820 Neoclassical Economics
1821 British gov introduces the gold standard - With governments issuing the bank notes, the inherent danger is no longer bankruptcy but inflation.
1822 Charles Babbage, considered the "father of the computer", begins building the first programmable mechanical computer.
1832 Andrew Jackson Campaigns Against the 2nd Bank of the US and Vetoes Bank Charter Renewal
Andrew Jackson was skeptical of the central banking system and believed it gave too few men too much power and caused inflation. He was also a proponent of gold and silver and an outspoken opponent of the 2nd National Bank. The Charter expired in 1836.
1833 President Jackson Issues Executive Order to Stop Depositing Government Funds Into Bank of US
By September 1833, government funds were being deposited into state chartered banks.
1833-1837 Manufactured โ€œboomโ€ created by central bankers โ€“ money supply Increases 84%, Spurred by the 2nd Bank of the US
The total money supply rose from $150 million to $267 million
1835 Jackson Escapes Assassination. Assassin misfired twice.
1837-1862 The โ€œFree Banking Eraโ€ there was no formal central bank in the US, and banks issued their own notes again
1838 First Telegram sent using Morse Code across 3 km, in 1844 he sent a message across 71 km from Washington DC to Baltimore.
1843 Ada Lovelace published the first algorithm for computing
1844 Modern central bank of England established - meaning only the central bank of England could issue banknotes โ€“ prior to that commercial banks could issue their own and were the primary form of currency throughout England
the Bank of England was restricted to issue new banknotes only if they were 100% backed by gold or up to ยฃ14 million in government debt.
1848 Communist Manifesto
1850 The first undersea telegraphic communications cable connected France in England after latex produced from the sap of the Palaquium gutta tree in 1845 was proposed as insulation for the underwater cables.
1852 Many countries in Europe build telegram networks, however post remained the primary means of communication to distant countries.
1855 In England fully printed notes that did not require the name of the payee and the cashier's signature first appeared
1855 The printing telegraph made it possible for a machine with 26 alphabetic keys to print the messages automatically and was soon adopted worldwide.
1856 Belgian engineer Charles Bourseul proposed telephony
1856 The Atlantic Telegraph company was formed in London to stretch a commercial telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean, completed in 1866.
1860 The Pony Express was founded, able to deliver mail of wealthy individuals or government officials from coast to coast in 10 days.
1861 The East coast was connected to the West when Western Union completed the transcontinental telegraph line, putting an end to unprofitable The Pony Express.
1862-1863 First US banknotes - Lincoln Over Rules Debt-Based Money and Issues Greenbacks to Fund Civil War
Bankers would only lend the government money under certain conditions and at high interest rates, so Lincoln issued his own currency โ€“ โ€œgreenbacksโ€ โ€“ through the US Treasury, and made them legal tender. His soldiers went on to win the war, followed by great economic expansion.
1863 to 1932 โ€œNational Banking Eraโ€ Commercial banks in the United States had legally issued banknotes before there was a national currency; however, these became subject to government authorization from 1863 to 1932
1864 Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen founded the first rural credit union in Heddesdorf (now part of Neuwied) in Germany. By the time of Raiffeisen's death in 1888, credit unions had spread to Italy, France, the Netherlands, England, Austria, and other nations
1870 Long-distance telegraph lines connected Britain and India.
c1871 Marginalism - The doctrines of marginalism and the Marginal Revolution are often interpreted as a response to the rise of the worker's movement, Marxian economics and the earlier (Ricardian) socialist theories of the exploitation of labour.
1871 Carl Mengerโ€™s Principles of Economics โ€“ Austrian School
1872 Marxโ€™s Das Capital
1872 Australia becomes the first nation to be connected to the rest of the world via submarine telegraph cables.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone, first called the electric speech machine โ€“ revolutionized communication
1877 Thomas Edison โ€“ Phonograph
1878 Western Union, the leading telegraph provider of the U.S., begins to lose out to the telephone technology of the National Bell Telephone Company.
1881 President James Garfield, Staunch Proponent of โ€œHonest Moneyโ€ Backed by Gold and Silver, was Assassinated
Garfield opposed fiat currency (money that was not backed by any physical object). He had the second shortest Presidency in history.
1882 First description of the one-time pad
1886 First gas powered car
1888 Ballpoint pen
1892 Cinematograph
1895 System of wireless communication using radio waves
1896 First successful intercontinental telegram
1898 Polyethylene
1899 Nickel-cadmium battery
1907 Banking Panic of 1907
The New York Stock Exchange dropped dramatically as everyone tried to get their money out of the banks at the same time across the nation. This banking panic spurred debate for banking reform. JP Morgan and others gathered to create an image of concern and stability in the face of the panic, which eventually led to the formation of the Federal Reserve. The founders of the Federal Reserve pretended like the bankers were opposed to the idea of its formation in order to mislead the public into believing that the Federal Reserve would help to regulate bankers when in fact it really gave even more power to private bankers, but in a less transparent way.
1908 St Maryโ€™s Bank โ€“ first credit union in US
1908 JP Morgan Associate and Rockefeller Relative Nelson Aldrich Heads New National Monetary Commission
Senate Republican leader, Nelson Aldrich, heads the new National Monetary Commission that was created to study the cause of the banking panic. Aldrich had close ties with J.P. Morgan and his daughter married John D. Rockefeller.
1910 Bankers Meet Secretly on Jekyll Island to Draft Federal Reserve Banking Legislation
Over the course of a week, some of the nationโ€™s most powerful bankers met secretly off the coast of Georgia, drafting a proposal for a private Central Banking system.
1913 Federal Reserve Act Passed
Two days before Christmas, while many members of Congress were away on vacation, the Federal Reserve Act was passed, creating the Central banking system we have today, originally with gold backed Federal Reserve Notes. It was based on the Aldrich plan drafted on Jekyll Island and gave private bankers supreme authority over the economy. They are now able to create money out of nothing (and loan it out at interest), make decisions without government approval, and control the amount of money in circulation.
1913 Income tax established -16th Amendment Ratified
Taxes ensured that citizens would cover the payment of debt due to the Central Bank, the Federal Reserve, which was also created in 1913.The 16th Amendment stated: โ€œThe Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.โ€
1914 November, Federal Reserve Banks Open
JP Morgan and Co. Profits from Financing both sides of War and Purchasing Weapons
J.P. Morgan and Co. made a deal with the Bank of England to give them a monopoly on underwriting war bonds for the UK and France. They also invested in the suppliers of war equipment to Britain and France.
1914 WWI
1917 Teletype cipher
1917 The one-time pad
1917 Zimmerman Telegram intercepted and decoded by Room 40, the cryptanalysis department of the British Military during WWI.
1918 GB returns to gold standard post-war but it didnโ€™t work out
1919 First rotor machine, an electro-mechanical stream ciphering and decrypting machine.
1919 Founding of The Cipher Bureau, Polandโ€™s intelligence and cryptography agency.
1919-1929 The Black Chamber, a forerunner of the NSA, was the first U.S. cryptanalytic organization. Worked with the telegraph company Western Union to illegally acquire foreign communications of foreign embassies and representatives. It was shut down in 1929 as funding was removed after it was deemed unethical to intercept private domestic radio signals.
1920s Department stores, hotel chains and service staions begin offering customers charge cards
1921-1929 The โ€œRoaring 20โ€™sโ€ โ€“ The Federal Reserve Floods the Economy with Cash and Credit
From 1921 to 1929 the Federal Reserve increased the money supply by $28 billion, almost a 62% increase over an eight-year period.[3] This artificially created another โ€œboomโ€.
1927 Quartz clock
1928 First experimental Television broadcast in the US.
1929 Federal Reserve Contracts the Money Supply
In 1929, the Federal Reserve began to pull money out of circulation as loans were paid back. They created a โ€œbustโ€ which was inevitable after issuing so much credit in the years before. The Federal Reserveโ€™s actions triggered the banking crisis, which led to the Great Depression.
1929 October 24, โ€œBlack Thursdayโ€, Stock Market Crash
The most devastating stock market crash in history. Billions of dollars in value were consolidated into the private bankerโ€™s hands at the expense of everyone else.
1930s The Great Depression marked the end of the gold standard
1931 German Enigma machines attained and reconstructed.
1932 Turbo jet engine patented
1933 SEC founded - passed the Glassโ€“Steagall Act, which separated investment banking and commercial banking. This was to avoid more risky investment banking activities from ever again causing commercial bank failures.
1933 FM Radio
1933 Germany begins Telex, a network of teleprinters sending and receiving text based messages. Post WWII Telex networks began to spread around the world.
1936 Austrian engineer Paul Eisler invented Printed circuit board
1936 Beginning of the Keynesian Revolution
1937 Typex, British encryption machines which were upgraded versions of Enigma machines.
1906 Teletypewriters
1927 Founding of highly secret and unofficial Signal Intelligence Service, SIS, the U.S. Armyโ€™s codebreaking division.
1937 Made illegal for Americans to own gold
1938 Z1 built by Konrad Zuse is the first freely programmable computer in the world.
1939 WWII โ€“ decline of the gold standard which greatly restricted policy making
1939-45 Codetalkers - The Navajo code is the only spoken military code never to have been deciphered - "Were it not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have taken Iwo Jima."โ€”Howard Connor
1940 Modems
1942 Deciphering Japanese coded messages leads to a turning point victory for the U.S. in WWII.
1943 At Bletchley Park, Alan Turing and team build a specialized cipher-breaking machine called Heath Robinson.
1943 Colossus computer built in London to crack the German Lorenz cipher.
1944 Bretton Woods โ€“ convenient after the US had most of the gold
1945 Manhattan Project โ€“ Atom Bomb
1945 Transatlantic telephone cable
1945 Claude E. Shannon published "A mathematical theory of cryptography", commonly accepted as the starting point for development of modern cryptography.
C1946 Crypto Wars begin and last to this day
1946 Charg-it card created by John C Biggins
1948 Atomic clock
1948 Claude Shannon writes a paper that establishes the mathematical basis of information theory
1949 Info theorist Claude Shannon asks โ€œWhat does an ideal cipher look like?โ€ โ€“ one time pad โ€“ what if the keys are not truly random
1950 First credit card released by the Diners Club, able to be used in 20 restaurants in NYC
1951 NSA, National Security Agency founded and creates the KL-7, an off-line rotor encryption machine
1952 First thermonuclear weapon
1953 First videotape recorder
1953 Term โ€œHashโ€ first used meaning to โ€œchopโ€ or โ€œmake a messโ€ out of something
1954 Atomic Energy Act (no mention of crypto)
1957 The NSA begins producing ROMOLUS encryption machines, soon to be used by NATO
1957 First PC โ€“ IBM
1957 First Satellite โ€“ Sputnik 1
1958 Western Union begins building a nationwide Telex network in the U.S.
1960s Machine readable codes were added to the bottom of cheques in MICR format, which speeded up the clearing and sorting process
1960s Financial organizations were beginning to require strong commercial encryption on the rapidly growing field of wired money transfer.
1961 Electronic clock
1963 June 4, Kennedy Issued an Executive Order (11110) that Authorized the US Treasury to Issue Silver Certificates, Threatening the Federal Reserveโ€™s Monopoly on Money
This government issued currency would bypass the governments need to borrow from bankers at interest.
1963 Electronic calculator
1963 Nov. 22, Kennedy Assassinated
1963 Johnson Reverses Kennedyโ€™s Banking Rule and Restores Power to the Federal Reserve
1964 8-Track
1964 LAN, Local Area Networks adapters
1965 Mooreโ€™s Law by CEO of Intel Gordon Moore observes that the number of components per integrated circuit doubles every year, and projected this rate of growth would continue for at least another decade. In 1975 he revised it to every two years.
1967 First ATM installed at Barclayโ€™s Bank in London
1968 Cassette Player introduced
1969 First connections of ARPANET, predecessor of the internet, are made. started โ€“ SF, SB, UCLA, Utah (now Darpa) โ€“ made to stay ahead of the Soviets โ€“ there were other networks being built around the world but it was very hard to connect them โ€“ CERN in Europe
1970s Stagflation โ€“ unemployment + inflation, which Keynesian theory could not explain
1970s Business/commercial applications for Crypto emerge โ€“ prior to this time it was militarily used โ€“ ATMs 1st got people thinking about commercial applications of cryptography โ€“ data being sent over telephone lines
1970s The public developments of the 1970s broke the near monopoly on high quality cryptography held by government organizations.
Use of checks increased in 70s โ€“ bringing about ACH
One way functions...
A few companies began selling access to private networks โ€“ but werenโ€™t allowed to connect to the internet โ€“ business and universities using Arpanet had no commercial traffic โ€“ internet was used for research, not for commerce or advertising
1970 Railroads threatened by the growing popularity of air travel. Penn Central Railroad declares bankruptcy resulting in a $3.2 billion bailout
1970 Conjugate coding used in an attempt to design โ€œmoney physically impossible to counterfeitโ€
1971 The US officially removes the gold standard
1971 Email invented
1971 Email
1971 First microcomputer on a chip
1971 Lockheed Bailout - $1.4 billion โ€“ Lockheed was a major government defense contractor
1972 First programmable word processor
1972 First video game console
1973 SWIFT established
1973 Ethernet invented, standardized in โ€˜83
1973 Mobile phone
1973 First commercial GUI โ€“ Xerox Alto
1973 First touchscreen
1973 Emails made up more than ยพ of ARPANETโ€™s packets โ€“ people had to keep a map of the network by their desk โ€“ so DNS was created
1974 A protocol for packet network intercommunication โ€“ TCP/IP โ€“ Cerf and Kahn
1974 Franklin National Bank Bailout - $1.5 billion (valued at that time) - At the time, it was the largest bank failure in US history
1975 New York City Bailout - $9.4 billion โ€“ NYC was overextended
1975 W DES - meant that commercial uses of high quality encryption would become common, and serious problems of export control began to arise.
1975 DES, Data Encryption Standard developed at IBM, seeking to develop secure electronic communications for banks and large financial organizations. DES was the first publicly accessible cipher to be 'blessed' by a national agency such as the NSA. Its release stimulated an explosion of public and academic interest in cryptography.
1975 Digital camera
1975 Altair 8800 sparks the microprocessor revolution
1976 Bretton Woods ratified (lasted 30 years) โ€“ by 80โ€™s all nations were using floating currencies
1976 New Directions in Cryptography published by Diffie & Hellman โ€“ this terrified Fort Meade โ€“ previously this technique was classified, now itโ€™s public
1976 Apple I Computer โ€“ Steve Wozniak
1976 Asymmetric key cryptosystem published by Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman.
1976 Hellman and Diffie publish New Directions in Cryptography, introducing a radically new method of distributing cryptographic keys, contributing much to solving key distribution one of the fundamental problems of cryptography. It brought about the almost immediate public development of asymmetric key algorithms. - where people can have 2 sets of keys, public and private
1977 Diffie & Hellman receive letter from NSA employee JA Meyer that theyโ€™re violating Federal Laws comparable to arms export โ€“ this raises the question, โ€œCan the gov prevent academics from publishing on crypto?
1977 DES considered insecure
1977 First handheld electronic game
1977 RSA public key encryption invented
1978 McEliece Cryptosystem invented, first asymmetric encryption algorithm to use randomization in the encryption process
1980s Large data centers began being built to store files and give users a better faster experience โ€“ companies rented space from them - Data centers would not only store data but scour it to show people what they might want to see and in some cases, sell data
1980s Reaganomics and Thatcherism
1980 A decade of intense bank failures begins; the FDIC reports that 1,600 were either closed or received financial assistance from 1980 to 1994
1980 Chrysler Bailout โ€“ lost over $1 billion due to major hubris on the part of its executives - $1.5 billion one of the largest payouts ever made to a single corporation.
1980 Protocols for public key cryptosystems โ€“ Ralph Merkle
1980 Flash memory invented โ€“ public in โ€˜84
1981 โ€œUntraceable Electronic Mail, Return Addresses and Digital Pseudonumnsโ€ โ€“ Chaum
1981 EFTPOS, Electronic funds transfer at point of sale is created
1981 IBM Personal Computer
1982 โ€œThe Ethics of Libertyโ€ Murray Rothbard
1982 Commodore 64
1982 CD
1983 Satellite TV
1983 First built in hard drive
1983 C++
1983 Stereolithography
1983 Blind signatures for untraceable payments
Mid 1980s Use of ATMs becomes more widespread
1984 Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust bailed out due to overly aggressive lending styles and - the bankโ€™s downfall could be directly traced to risk taking and a lack of due diligence on the part of bank officers - $9.5 billion in 2008 money
1984 Macintosh Computer - the first mass-market personal computer that featured a graphical user interface, built-in screen and mouse
1984 CD Rom
1985 Zero-Knowledge Proofs first proposed
1985 300,000 simultaneous telephone conversations over single optical fiber
1985 Elliptic Curve Cryptography
1987 ARPANET had connected over 20k guarded computers by this time
1988 First private networks email servers connected to NSFNET
1988 The Crypto Anarchists Manifesto โ€“ Timothy C May
1988 ISDN, Integrated Services Digital Network
1989 Savings & Loan Bailout - After the widespread failure of savings and loan institutions, President George H. W. Bush signed and Congress enacted the Financial Institutions Reform Recovery and Enforcement Act - This was a taxpayer bailout of about $200 billion
1989 First commercial emails sent
1989 Digicash - Chaum
1989 Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau built the prototype system which became the World Wide Web, WWW
1989 First ISPs โ€“ companies with no network of their own which connected people to a local network and to the internet - To connect to a network your computer placed a phone call through a modem which translated analog signals to digital signals โ€“ dial-up was used to connect computers as phone lines already had an extensive network across the U.S. โ€“ but phone lines werenโ€™t designed for high pitched sounds that could change fast to transmit large amounts of data
1990s Cryptowars really heat up...
1990s Some countries started to change their laws to allow "truncation"
1990s Encryption export controls became a matter of public concern with the introduction of the personal computer. Phil Zimmermann's PGP cryptosystem and its distribution on the Internet in 1991 was the first major 'individual level' challenge to controls on export of cryptography. The growth of electronic commerce in the 1990s created additional pressure for reduced restrictions.[3] Shortly afterward, Netscape's SSL technology was widely adopted as a method for protecting credit card transactions using public key cryptography.
1990 NSFNET replaced Arpanet as backbone of the internet with more than 500k users
Early 90s Dial up provided through AOL and Compuserve
People were leery to use credit cards on the internet
1991 How to time-stamp a digital doc - Stornetta
1991 Phil Zimmermann releases the public key encryption program Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) along with its source code, which quickly appears on the Internet. He distributed a freeware version of PGP when he felt threatened by legislation then under consideration by the US Government that would require backdoors to be included in all cryptographic products developed within the US. Expanded the market to include anyone wanting to use cryptography on a personal computer (before only military, governments, large corporations)
1991 WWW (Tim Berners Lee) โ€“ made public in โ€˜93 โ€“ flatten the โ€œtreeโ€ structure of the internet using hypertext โ€“ reason for HTTP//:WWW โ€“ LATER HTTPS for more security
1992 Erwise โ€“ first Internet Browser w a graphical Interface
1992 Congress passed a law allowing for commercial traffic on NSFNET
1992 Cpherpunks, Eric Hughes, Tim C May and John Gilmore โ€“ online privacy and safety from gov โ€“ cypherpunks write code so it can be spread and not shut down (in my earlier chapter)
1993 Mosaic โ€“ popularized surfing the web โ€˜til Netscape Navigator in โ€™94 โ€“ whose code was later used in Firefox
1993 A Cypherpunks Manifesto โ€“ Eric Hughes
1994 Worldโ€™s first online cyberbank, First Virtual, opened for business
1994 Bluetooth
1994 First DVD player
1994 Stanford Federal Credit Union becomes the first financial institution to offer online internet banking services to all of its members in October 1994
1994 Internet only used by a few
1994 Cybercash
1994 Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption protocol released by Netscape. Making financial transactions possible.
1994 One of the first online purchases was made, a Pizza Hut pepperoni pizza with mushrooms and extra cheese
1994 Cyphernomicon published โ€“ social implication where gov canโ€™t do anything about it
1994-1999 Social Networking โ€“ GeoCities (combining creators and users) โ€“ had 19M users by โ€™99 โ€“ 3rd most popular after AOL and Yahoo โ€“ GeoCities purchased by Yahoo for $3.6B but took a hit after dotcom bubble popped and never recovered โ€“ GC shut down in โ€˜99
1995-2000 Dotcom bubble โ€“ Google, Amazon, Facebook: get over 600M visitors/year
1995 DVD
1995 MP3 term coined for MP3 files, the earlier development of which stretches back into the โ€˜70s, where MP files themselves where developed throughout the โ€˜90s
1995 NSFNET shut down and handed everything over to the ISPs
1995 NSA publishes the SHA1 hash algorithm as part of its Digital Signature Standard.
1996, 2000 President Bill Clinton signing the Executive order 13026 transferring the commercial encryption from the Munition List to the Commerce Control List. This order permitted the United States Department of Commerce to implement rules that greatly simplified the export of proprietary and open source software containing cryptography, which they did in 2000 - The successful cracking of DES likely helped gather both political and technical support for more advanced encryption in the hands of ordinary citizens - NSA considers AES strong enough to protect information classified at the Top Secret level
1996 e-gold
1997 WAP, Wireless Access Point
1997 NSA researchers published how to mint e cash
1997 Adam Back โ€“ HashCash โ€“ used PoW โ€“ coins could only be used once
1997 Nick Szabo โ€“ smart contracts โ€œFormalizing and Securing Relationships on Public Networksโ€
1998 OSS, Open-source software Initiative Founded
1998 Wei Dai โ€“ B-money โ€“ decentralized database to record txs
1998 Bitgold
1998 First backdoor created by hackers from Cult of the Dead Cow
1998 Musk and Thiel founded PayPal
1998 Nick Szabo says crypto can protect land titles even if thugs take it by force โ€“ said it could be done with a timestamped database
1999 Much of the Glass-Steagal Act repealed - this saw US retail banks embark on big rounds of mergers and acquisitions and also engage in investment banking activities.
1999 Milton Friedman says, โ€œI think that the Internet is going to be one of the major forces for reducing the role of government. The one thing that's missing, but that will soon be developed, is a reliable e-cash - a method whereby on the Internet you can transfer funds from A to B without A knowing B or B knowing A.โ€
1999 European banks began offering mobile banking with the first smartphones
1999 The Financial Services Modernization Act Allows Banks to Grow Even Larger
Many economists and politicians have recognized that this legislation played a key part in the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007.
1999-2001 Napster, P2P file sharing โ€“ was one of the fastest growing businesses in history โ€“ bankrupt for paying musicians for copyright infringement

submitted by crypto_jedi_ninja to Bitcoin

0 thoughts on “Shadow warrior patch 1.0.2

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *